Hypertension

There are two types of high blood pressure:

  1. Primary (essential) hypertension
    In 90 to 95 percent of high blood pressure cases in adults, there's no identifiable cause. This type of high blood pressure, called essential hypertension or primary hypertension, tends to develop gradually over many years.
  2. Secondary hypertension
    The other 5 to 10 percent of high blood pressure cases are caused by an underlying condition. This type of high blood pressure, called secondary hypertension, tends to appear suddenly and cause higher blood pressure than does primary hypertension. Various conditions and medications can lead to secondary hypertension.

What can cause Hypertension?

Blood pressure measurements are the result of the force of the blood produced by the heart and the size and condition of the arteries.

Symptoms:

How can Hypertension be treated?

Treatment for hypertension emphasizes a multidisciplinary approach to blood pressure control. The treatment regimen might include anti-hypertensive drug therapy and lifestyle modifications such as exercise, weight loss, diet modification, smoking cessation and stress reduction.

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