Hypertension Specialist

Tucson Clinica Medica Familiar

A Private Medical Practice located in Santa Cruz Plaza, Tucson, AZ

One out of five Americans has hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, without even knowing it, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Over time, poorly controlled high blood pressure can make your heart work harder to pump blood through your body. At Tucson Clinica Medica Familiar, Javier Rios, MD, and his team provide a range of testing and treatment methods to help you protect your heart and improve your heart health. Take care of one of your most important organs and regulate your blood pressure with innovative treatments and quality, individualized medical care. Book online or call the Tucson, Arizona, office to schedule your appointment.

Hypertension Q & A

What is hypertension?

Hypertension (high blood pressure) is a medical condition where the long-term force of your blood against the walls of your arteries is too high. If the force continues to be too high, it could lead to complications over time, such as heart disease.

To determine your blood pressure, your provider measures the amount of resistance to the blood flow in your arteries and the amount of blood your heart pumps. 

If you have high blood pressure, this typically means your heart is pumping excess blood and you may have narrowed arteries.


What are the symptoms of hypertension?

Symptoms of hypertension include:

  • Headaches
  • Nosebleeds
  • Lightheadedness
  • Shortness of breath


Since the symptoms aren’t always easy to decipher, many people are unaware they have high blood pressure.


What causes hypertension?

The cause of hypertension isn’t always definitive and there are two different types: primary and secondary:

Primary hypertension

Primary hypertension takes place over many years and doesn’t have a clear cause.

Secondary hypertension

Secondary hypertension can occur suddenly and usually develops due to an underlying condition, or certain risk factors, such as:

  • Thyroid disorders
  • Chronic alcohol abuse
  • Kidney complications
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Adrenal gland tumors
  • Illegal drugs, such as amphetamines


Cold remedies, prescription drugs, birth control pills, and certain other medications can also increase the risk of high blood pressure.

High blood pressure that isn’t properly managed can lead to complications, such as memory loss, heart failure, and metabolic syndrome.


What are the treatments for hypertension?

Your provider at Tucson Clinica Medica Familiar examines your medical history, checks your blood pressure, performs a physical exam, and recommends any additional testing if necessary. 

They might discuss incorporating healthy lifestyle changes, such as regular exercise and a nutrient-dense diet.

To help lower your blood pressure, your provider might also recommend limiting your alcohol intake, quitting smoking, engaging in stress management, and maintaining a healthy weight.

A variety of effective medications is available to assist you in regulating your blood pressure. Your provider gives you valuable information on how to take care of your heart and keep it as safe as possible.

If you have high blood pressure and want to assess and improve your heart health, call Tucson Clinica Medica Familiar or book an appointment online.